Ensuring Energy Efficiency of Wood Burning Stoves

Do you have an old wood burning stove? Replacing an old wood stove or fireplace with a more energy efficient appliance will not just save you fuel and money but will also protect you and your family’s health.

Older stoves that were manufactured before the 90s burn wood inefficiently which wastes firewood, pollutes the air and creates toxic dust inside your home.  Newer stoves will not just reduce smoke and dust, as well as cut heating expenses.  You can count on many cleaner, energy saving options, ranging from gas to high-tech wood stoves certified by the EPA.
A large number of US homes are still using inefficient wood burning stoves. There are approximately 12 million wood stoves in homes today and 9 million of those are older, non EPA-certified stoves which are 50% less efficient than newer stoves.

There are many energy efficiency benefits of replacing old wood stoves.  You will be able to save money, fuel, time and resources since these appliances are 50% more energy efficient. These appliances use 1/3 less wood for the same heat, are able to cut creosote build-up in chimneys that reduces the risk of fire and of course produces 70% less particle pollution indoors and out.

There are also numerous environmental benefits of replacing old wood stoves and fireplaces with new ones. New appliances significantly reduce indoor and outdoor wood smoke pollution which has been linked to cancer, asthma and serious health conditions. There is improved combustion efficiency reduces CO2, methane and black carbon emissions. Plus these appliances save billions in health benefits each year.

Remember to Split, Stack, Cover & Store

Make sure you split your wood into small pieces. It is recommended that you cut wood about 6 inches in diameter or smaller. Stack wood in a neat pile and cover the top with a tarp. Wood should be stored for at least six months to completely dry
Do you know that by burning dry firewood you can save money, time and resources?  A properly installed wood-burning stove will produce little smoke while heat is amazingly strong.  That’s because newer wood burning technologies have better combustion and produces a hotter fire.  Smoke coming out of your chimney is wasted energy.  So if you smell smoke in your home or you see smoke coming out of your chimney, you may be burning wood that is not completely dried out. If the problem persists after burning dry wood and opening the damper to get a full fire, you should contact your local CSIA or an NFI-certified contractor for inspection.

Remember that if you burn wood, make sure the wood is dry or “seasoned.”  If you use wet wood you will only create excessive smoke which is wasted fuel.  There are handy moisture meters that will allow you to check the moisture level in wood. These testers are available in all sizes and can cost as little as $20.  When you use the tool, you will find that properly dried wood should have a reading of 20% or less.

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